The US Federal Reserve has said it would raise its key interest rate by 0.25%, the second rise this year.
The central bank voted to raise its key rate target to a range of 1% to 1.25%.
That’s the highest level since 2008, when policymakers cut rates to encourage borrowing and spending after the financial crisis.
The bank also said it would begin cutting its bond holdings and other securities this year.
It cited continued US economic growth and job market strength as reasons for raising its benchmark interest rate.
“Our decision … reflects the progress the economy has made and is expected to make,” said Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen.
The rise was widely anticipated after a low unemployment rate, but other economic indicators, including inflation, have been weaker.
Data on Wednesday showed US consumer prices unexpectedly fell in May and retail sales recorded their biggest drop in 16 months.
This has raised questions about the bank’s future course.
US stock markets the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq edged down at the close.
But the rate increase was already priced into most stocks.
Analysis: BBC economics correspondent Andrew Walker
Should the Fed have done it? The case against is inflation.
The Fed’s statement noted that price rises have slowed recently.
Inflation is below the target of 2%. But then Fed Chair Janet Yellen thinks a large part of that is down to falls in specific prices.
She mentioned cell-phone plans and prescription drug prices. Over time their impact will drop out, and she and the committee expect inflation to get to the target in time.
The rate rise continues the Fed’s slow return to normality after the financial crisis. The journey is not over.
The Fed’s policy makers think about 3% is the new normal.
There’s also the legacy of quantitative easing and the $4.2trn portfolio of financial assets.
Really normal will mean running that down – though perhaps not to pre-crisis levels.
It will take a long time and it hasn’t begun yet, but the Fed does expect to make a start later this year.
Federal Reserve policymakers have been grappling with when and how to alter the policies put in place after the 2008 financial crisis to boost economic activity.
At the time, they slashed interest rates and bought up US treasuries and mortgage-backed securities to keep rates low.
The Fed has a $4.2trn portfolio of Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities, most of which were purchased in the wake of the financial crisis and recession.
In 2014 the bank stopped its bond purchase program, known as quantitative easing, but it has continued to reinvest the assets on its books.
On Wednesday, policymakers said they aim to reduce that balance sheet, by reinvesting payments from those securities only above certain caps, totalling $10bn.
The cap would escalate in three month intervals. It would start implementing those policies this year, assuming economic growth continues.
Ms Yellen said she’s not sure how far the committee will want to reduce the holdings over the long run, but she said they would be levels “appreciably below” those seen in recent years though larger than before the financial crisis.
The Fed raised interest rates for the first time since the crisis in December 2015.
Policymakers acted in December 2016 and again in March.
Wednesday’s decision was made with an 8-1 vote, with Neel Kashkari, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, dissenting. Mr Kashkari also voted against the March rise.
Interest rates remain low by historic standards. The board expects to raise rates at least three times this year.
The moves depend on the strength of the economy, which has been mixed.
On Wednesday, the US Labor Department reported that prices for goods excluding food and energy increased by 1.7% from May 2016, slowing steadily from earlier in the year.
That fell short of the Federal Reserve’s target of 2%.
Ms Yellen said the bank is aware of the shortfall and it was “essential” to move back to the target.
But she said this year’s data may be skewed by one-off factors, such as lower prices on cell phone plans.
“It’s important not to overreact to a few readings,” Ms Yellen said. “Data on inflation can be noisy.”
For US consumers, interest rate increases tend to lead to increased borrowing costs.
Greg McBride, chief financial analyst for Bankrate.com, said the cumulative effect of recent rate increases on consumers is “mounting”.
“The combination of rising debt burdens and rising interest rates is straining some households, with delinquencies picking up from recent lows,” he said.
In broader terms, the economic impact includes a stronger dollar and higher bank profits.
Visitor numbers at Merlin sites down after terror attacks
Visitors have stayed away from major tourist attractions in the wake of recent terror attacks, according to the London Eye and Madame Tussauds owner.
Merlin Entertainments, which also runs the Legoland theme park, also warned that numbers could continue to fall.
Bosses said before the attacks foreign tourists had been flocking to the UK to take advantage of the weak pound.
The company’s London Eye sits just next to Westminster Bridge – where the March attack took place.
Merlin said in a statement: “in the immediate aftermath of the Westminster attack on 22 March… the incident did result in a softer domestic, day-trip market.
“However, the subsequent attacks in Manchester and London over the past month have resulted in a further deterioration in domestic demand and, given the typical lag between holiday bookings and visitation, we are also cautious on trends in foreign visitation over the coming months”.
In the aftermath of a terror attack, major attractions tend to not feel the impact for a few weeks or months because most foreign visitors tend to buy their tickets for Merlin sites such as Alton Towers or The London Dungeons, in advance.
Chief executive Nick Varney added: “The impact of recent terror attacks on our London attractions is unclear at this stage.
“What is clear however is that London has bounced back before, and will do again.
“London is very much open for business, welcoming visitors from the UK and from around the world to this exciting and vibrant city.”
Investors heeded Merlin’s warning, sending shares falling 2.8% to 489p.
Neil Wilson, senior market analyst at ETX Capital, said: “Merlin had already warned in March when it released its 2016 full-year preliminary results that the threat of terror attacks had hit its UK business, citing events in Paris and Brussels as having an impact.
“This was before the Westminster attack on March 22nd, meaning the impact on the UK business is likely to be significantly greater in 2017 than it was last year.”
Merlin has seen visitors shun its attractions after major incidents before.
In 2015, the company saw a significant drop in visitors to its Alton Towers theme park after several thrill seekers were badly injured on one of the rides.
Bosses will face tough questions from shareholders on Tuesday at the company’s annual general meeting at Legoland, where they will also be told about the opening of Legoland Japan and new sites across the US.